HVAC stands for heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems.
HVAC systems can be comprised of air conditioners, furnaces, central heating systems, and heat pumps.
HVAC systems are responsible for maintaining the temperature of your home or apartment.
In summers, it will keep you cool, while in winters, it will keep you warm.
Even though these systems are energy-intensive, they have become a cornerstone in the modern way of living.
Residential HVAC System Types
Following are some of the main HVAC systems that you can get installed in your home from a trusted supplier because these systems account for 48% of your home’s total energy consumption.
√ AC and Furnace –This standard split system uses a blower fan to push hot or cold air through the ducts.
The furnace burns natural gas to heat the houses with this type of system.
√ Heat Pump with Air Handler –This type of split system heat pump provides both heating and cooling by changing the direction of the refrigerant flow.
This system also requires ductwork to use heating and cooling.
√ Boiler and AC –This system uses the boiler for heating using radiant heat while an additional AC unit does the cooling.
It can be powered by electricity, natural or propane goes to heat the water.
√ Split ACs and Inverters –The conventional and most popular form of cooling and heating system that uses smaller indoor and outdoor units for temperature control and can be more than one used in a single home.
Geothermal –This system relies on underground piping to cool or warm homes. Best for environmental footprint concerned users.
HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL HVAC SYSTEMS
High rise buildings, even though employing the same refrigeration cycle for cooling, has the following options to choose from when building an HVAC system for a multistoried residential building:
Rooftop Units – Typically used with commercial HVAC applications and are mostly found on the rooftop, making it easier to throw air in the ducts that flow by gravity’s action.
Heat Pumps – these pumps are used to extract heat from the system to provide cool air.
The medium used can be air or water, which can be carried through the HVAC system with the help of this pump.
Chillers – This system uses multiple pipes to cool the system.
Heaters – The first type is the common hot air furnaces that use fuel burnt to produce heat, while the second type uses radiant heat that can heat the objects directly by infrared radiations.
Multi-zone Residential HVAC System
Efficient systems are used to heat or cool particular areas of your home with the help of zone controlling valves that can block or allow the flow of air selectively.
When using a programmable thermostat, they save you operating costs;
You just need to mark the zone that requires heating or cooling for a particular room.
What Is the Most Efficient Residential HVAC System?
When choosing the most efficient HVAC system for your home, you must consider more than one thing, and therefore, the following are our three picks depending on where you live and how you perceive efficiency.
Carbon Footprint – Even though installation cost is the most compared to other systems, the environmental impact is the minimum and a lot easy on your conscience.
Standard Homes – For a small to medium-sized home, a mini-split system or zoned system is the best one that allows you to choose which part of the house needs temperature control.
Only that part is heated or cooled while also providing you with a residential HVAC control system.
High Rise Buildings – The cooling tower approach is the best for this type of abode as they allow a minimum amount of energy to be lost.
Residential HVAC System Components
Following are the components that are essential to a modern residential HVAC system depending on the type of system used:
Split Systems – An outdoor unit, a condenser, an indoor unit such as an evaporator, ducts, thermostat, and other accessories such as purifier, cleaner, and humidifier.
Hybrid Split Systems – Only extra is a furnace.
Ductless HVAC – Compact fan coil, wires, and tubes are connecting outdoor and indoor are required for this system while the rest are the same.
Tool-Kit – This is the most important factor as you should have at least a toolkit in your home for quick repair.
Best Residential HVAC System
The best for your home can be best described to you by an expert or a dealer who knows what you need depending on the type of home to assess the repair and maintenance and air quality in the area.
You can start by looking at the most energy-efficient approved by Energy Star Rated System.