A refrigeration system is a system that utilizes four primary components alongside refrigerants and electricity to cool down objects.
You can find refrigeration systems in any corner of your life.
For example, display cabinets in supermarkets, central air conditioners, commercial refrigerators, mini coolers, etc.
Regardless of which form of refrigeration system, all need the corresponding medium to achieve the refrigeration function.
Such as water, ammonia, or freon.
How Does Refrigeration System Work?
The entire refrigeration system works on the process of converting a low-pressure gas and or refrigerant and converting it into a high-pressurized refrigerant.
Refrigerant from the compressor to the condenser, then from the evaporator to the compressor.
During this period it has gone through the process of compression, heating, expansion, heat absorption, cooling, compression, etc.
Almost all refrigeration systems follow this cycle, the difference is that different refrigeration systems add different additional features.
For example, heat pump units, thermal fluoride frosting, electric frosting, etc.
Of course, the type of compressor varies from refrigeration system to refrigeration system.
Refrigerator systems tend to use small piston compressors, cold storage systems tend to use semi-hermetic compressors.
You can refer to Miracle’s different refrigeration compressor products for more explanation.
Types of Refrigeration Systems
Talking about the different refrigeration systems that exist, there may be multiple systems based on the different types of refrigerants that are used.
Nevertheless, keeping all things aside, three major refrigeration systems are massively followed globally:
- Freon Refrigeration System
- Ammonia Refrigeration System
- Water Refrigeration System
Freon Refrigeration System
Currently, most refrigeration systems developed worldwide are based on Freon refrigerants, and of course, refrigeration compressors are no exception.
Freon is changed from its entirely gaseous state to a high-pressure gaseous state after undergoing changes via the compressor.
The entire system utilizes evaporation again and again, due to which the refrigerant is cooled up and works on absorbing surrounding heat.
After that, the heat is simply dumped out, and the cycle repeats itself.
Ammonia Refrigeration System
Ammonia works as a highly resourceful refrigerant and is not to be undermined.
It is not just cost-effective but is also incredibly cold with a low boiling point.
Taking this into account, it is very suitable for large-scale refrigeration projects and can obtain higher economic performance.
There are two sides to everything, and ammonia is no exception, difficult to store and transport, flammable and explosive, becoming the main factor preventing the development of ammonia refrigeration systems.
Water Refrigeration System
In itself, water is not easily accessible at times, owing to which its usage in the refrigeration process is nâ€TMt all that extensive.
But water cooling system has amazing properties, be it in regards to thermodynamics or chemical prowess.
The water refrigeration system utilizes water as a refrigerant and works on cooling down the air, consequently lessening the level of heat throughout the process.
Refrigeration System Components
Keep aside the various elements that work to make the system of refrigeration.
There are four parts or components that are completely crucial and cannot be replaced in any way whatsoever.
What is Condenser in Refrigeration System?
A condenser, more often referred to as an AC condenser or refrigeration condenser, is the outer part of the refrigeration and air conditioner.
It may also be looked at as the heat pump that either collects and or gets rid of any excess heat that may exist.
What is Evaporator in Refrigeration System?
The evaporator, as opposed to the condenser, works in a way that is completely different.
The evaporator deals with how the refrigerant is cooled up and consequently sucks up all the heat built up throughout the process, after which it leaves the system.
The evaporator, as the name suggests, also deals with evaporation and undergoes how the refrigerant may work on reducing heat by cooling up the refrigerant itself.